Why are the Chanuka lights lot inside?

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What was the decree which forced us to light the Chanuka lights inside?

Rashi said it was the Chabarim who banned all light outside of their temple. So they wouldn’t find the Chanuka lights, we moved then inside.

The Bach argues, saying that such a decree wouldn’t be considered Shmad  (since it also affected non-Jews*), and hiding it inside the house wouldn’t have saved the Jews anyways, as the Chabarim also did house inspections.

Rather, he writes (671:8) that there was a general decree against the Jewish religion.

As such, we would have to give up our life rather them give up Chanuka lights, so we had to continue lighting them. However, as the Mitzvah is fulfilled inside just as well as outside, there is no harm moving the menora inside.

*this could also teach the geder of Shmad, why the Soviet Union may have not fit into the category of Gezeras Shmad, why the Frierdiker Rebbe did not have to have mesirus nefesh, but did anyways

Eiruvin in Big Cities Part 4

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The Mishna Berurah (364:8) says that a Baal Nefesh shouldn’t rely even on a *small city* eruv if it’s surrounded by a “Tzuras HaPesach”/wire (if there is a street going straight through the city or if the street is wider than 16 amma/7.8 m (in contrast, Burbank is about 30 m wide!!))

However, he says you shouldn’t protest against those who are lenient.

Eiruvin in Big Cities Part 4

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The Mishna Berurah (364:8) says that a Baal Nefesh shouldn’t rely even on a *small city* eruv if it’s surrounded by a “Tzuras HaPesach”/wire (if there is a street going straight through the city or if the street is wider than 16 amma/7.8 m (in contrast, Burbank is about 30 m wide!!))

However, he says you shouldn’t protest against those who are lenient.

Eruvin in Big Cities Part 3

Rabbi Shimon Shwab’s letter on the Manhattan Eruv. He doesn’t really discuss the Halachas behind it, just the potential danger to religious observance.

Note, that the original plan for the Manhattan Eruv was to use the Island itself or the buildings around it as a wall, so many of his claims only apply to Manhattan (or other islands).

But one of his points is that since people don’t know (or care) about Shabbos technicalities, “If they will stroll on bridges on Shabbos, say from Manhattan to the Bronx, will they obey [the Rabbi’s orders] to empty their pockets on the way? Will they understand the concept of Tzuras HaPesach? [Will they know] the borders of the Eruv? Until where can they walk and when do they have to stop?”

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http://www.hebrewbooks.org/pagefeed/hebrewbooks_org_12229_28.pdf